Global production of plastics increased annually from two million metric tons in 1950 to over 400 million metric tons in 2015, according to the study, outgrowing most other man-made materials.
The scientists compiled production statistics for resins, fibres and additives from a range of industry sources, drawing a distinction between plastics and materials used extensively in construction, such as steel and cement.
If current production, use and waste management trends continue, the study projects the total amount of plastic dumped in landfill or polluting the natural environments by 2050 will be 12 billion tonnes - though the paper does note that a material flow analysis of this kind requires multiple assumptions or simplifications, so projections are subject to uncertainty and can not necessarily be regarded as solid predictions. Professor Roland Geyer has been quantifying our production and consumption of plastic over the decades and has shown that of the vast plastic waste we create; only 9% has been recycled. And scientists have warned that plastic bottles and other packaging are overrunning some of the UK's most handsome beaches and remote coastline, endangering wildlife from basking sharks to puffins. Part of the problem is that what makes plastic useful also makes it risky; since it never rots and is hard to destroy compared to glass, ceramic, or cardboard, it makes great packaging. "I don't think that's going to be the picture". If current trends continue, Geyer noted, roughly 12 billion metric tons of plastic waste - weighing more than 36,000 Empire State Buildings - will be in landfills or the natural environment by 2050.
"Plastics are used because they are efficient, they are cost effective and they do their jobs", said Russell, "And if we didn't have them, the impact on the environment would be worse".
She added: "We know that incentives such as bottle deposit return systems significantly reduce the amount of plastic ending up in landfill and beaches".
Of the total amount of produced from 1950 to 2015, roughly half was manufactured in just the last 13 years.
Plastics will likely be a part of our lives for as long as human civilization is able to produce them, and the authors seem well aware of this, advocating instead for sensible strategies to deal with the millions of tons of plastic spilling out into the environment.
Additionally, a separate study argues that there may be much as 70 million tons of plastic waste on the sea floor. They are used in packaging like plastic bottles and consumer goods like cellphones and refrigerators.
An overwhelming majority of packaging plastics are acquired and discarded within the same year.
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While China, the US and Europe produce the most plastic, the U.S.is the worst out of the three when it comest to recycling, Roland Geyer, a professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara, also told USA Today.
Setting aside the low rate of recycling found in plastic production, another major problem is its short lifespan.
It's the versatility and durability of plastic which has seen its mass-production expand so greatly, but the study explains it's these same strengths which make it so hard for the material to biodegrade. Part of this trend is because almost half of polymer plastics becomes packaging material.
Mechanical separation of plastic for recycling. The second-largest use is for construction, at about 20 percent.
In 2014, 30 percent of plastic waste was recycled in Europe, and 25 percent recycled in China.
A recent study found evidence that plastic was making its way into the Arctic Ocean.
The Daily Mail is campaigning to end the scourge of plastic dumped in the environment.
"Our estimates underscore the need to think critically about the materials we use and our waste management practices". Geyer said his figures are higher than other calculations because he includes plastics material woven into fibers like polyester clothing, including microfiber material.
This is an emotive issue in the state, symbolising all that is associated with Kannada culture, language and above all unity. As far as Kannadigas can remember, the yellow and red flag has come to be associated with Karnataka and Kannadigas.
His lawyer Paul Yang said that in exchange for the confession, prosecutors agreed to remove any death penalty. Online records suggest he attended the same Catholic high school as Patrick but was a year ahead.
This repurchase authorization permits the basic materials company to purchase shares of its stock through open market purchases. Jane Street Group LLC purchased a new stake in Dominion Diamond Corporation during the first quarter valued at about $212,000.
John August (Big Fish) wrote the script for the new Aladdin film, which is due for release from Disney sometime in 2019. The Little Mix singer was beaten to the punch by Naomi Scott , after over 2,000 auditions, according to Daily Edge .
The film opened to a good response with Rs 8.25 crore on Friday, followed by Rs 11 crore on Saturday and Rs 12.50 on Sunday. Jagga Jasoos also stars Saswata Chatterjee, Sayani Gupta and Evelyn Sharma. "The film has got a decent start".
However, the legendaries do have unique moves that will make fighting them a lot different than fighting in a Tier 4 Raid Battle. Today, Niantic has announced the possibility for players to capture Legendary Pokemon as of July 22, in just a few days.
She played so well and I just tried to climb on top with every point. "I think it's going to be a great final, no matter what". I think she just showed her true qualities and why she's a five-time champion here, just a true champion that she is.
Among the most important data expected in the coming week, investors will be keenly waiting for second-quarter U.S. The Japan trade surplus makes obvious the power of forex and Japanese yen ( JPY/USD ) weakness in the equation.
We'd encourage giving the game a shot and maybe even picking it up while you don't have to sell your soul for a copy. Furthermore, players will notice new gameplay. id Software has implemented new Runes in place of Hack Modules.
According to the New York Times , the 166,000 loans that total $5 billion are now in the middle of a legal battle. But at issue is the group's ability to show paperwork proving that it owns the loans in question.
Of the eight GOP seats, forecasters and party campaign committees consider only two to be genuinely competitive. Conservatives were the most cynical, with 72% saying Democrats just stood "Against Trump".
The Senate margin is veto proof, but the House total is well short of the 60 percent required for an override. As districts across the state face the possibility of a delayed start to the school year this fall, Gov.
As wildfires continue to rage across British Columbia , several big Canadian lumber mills have been forced to temporarily close. The fire has scorched about 400 square kilometres of land and more than 14,000 people have been forced to leave their homes.
McCormick plans to fund the deal with a combination of equity and debt, and said it has obtained committed bridge financing. The deal represents a success for the firm after a failed bid to buy Premier Foods past year .
Neighbors say the woman who was killed was a "spiritual healer" who led meditation sessions with dozens of others in Minneapolis . After an hour of her death, hundreds of women gathered outside the Damond home to hold a vigil for the woman.
A tropical storm watch remains in effect for St Lucia as a quickly moving tropical storm Don speeds toward the Windward Islands . Little change in strength was forecast before Don moves through the Windward Islands, the Miami-based weather forecaster said.
There are up to four 12-volt charging points and five USB connections as well as a 4G Wi-Fi hotspot for up to eight devices. The E-Pace is expected to reach showrooms "in late 2017", with deliveries "around the end of the year", says Autocar .
Neither the attorney nor the corporate offices could be reached for comment. "They filed bankruptcy today, that's what they said". Other customers who ordered their dresses online have not received their items at all.
It, among other things, would impose United States sanctions on all those participating in North Korean labour trafficking abuses. Huang said coal imports dropped by three-quarters in the first half, and all those shipments had been made before February 18.
Uber's decision to merge its Russian business with Yandex follows the sale of its Chinese operations to Didi Chuxing in 2016. It's a roaming deal similar to what USA ride-hail rival Lyft attempted with China's Didi and other regional competitors.
The organisation noted that Social Security numbers , passports and driver's licence numbers were not accessed in the breach. The Sabre incident affecting luxury hotels and resorts is not the only one this year. "Why are hackers targeting hotels? ".
Some of the people involved in a dramatic human chain that was formed to save a Florida family from drowning Monday have reunited. The Washington Post reported she awoke on the beach to the sounds of screams coming from the water - it was her mother.
The U.S. authorities seized two Russian diplomatic compounds, one in Maryland and another on Long Island, at the same time. The measures were a response to alleged Russian meddling in the United States election.